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Criminal Justice Fast Facts


Do you know- fast facts?:

"Annual criminal justice expenditures for police, prisons, probations and courts have risen to $167 billion."- ("Congress Prepares to Tackle Prisoner Recidivism", The Wall Street Journal, January, 14, 2005)

Bureau of Justice Statistics

  • In 2003:

    There were a total of 6.9 million people on probation, in jail or prison (1 of every 32 adults).

    There were 2,232,117 people behind bars on any given day (1,470,045 state and federal inmates in prisons and 762,072 in jail).

    Therefore, there were 4.7 million on probation or 2-1 vs. inmates. It is the most widely used system in criminal justice.

  •  In 2001:

    53% of jail inmates were on probation, parole or pretrial release at the time of arrest.

    49% of all probationers had been convicted of a felony

    51% of those entering parole were mandatory releases from prison as a result of a sentencing statue or good time   provision.

    Full report available at 
    www.ojp.usdoj.govbjs  with state statistics.


    Report of the Re-Entry Policy Council November 2004

    97% of those incarcerated in prisons will be released to our communities.

    650,000 people are released annually from prison.

    7,000,000 people are released annually from jails.

    3 out 4 offenders released has a substance abuse problem.

    1 out of 3 have some form of physical or mental disability.

    There has been a fourfold increase in number of offenders released from prison and jail over the past 20 years .

    52% of the nearly two-thirds of state prisoners who are rearrested within 3 years will return to prison for a new crime or parole violation.

    American taxpayers spent $20 billion for corrections in 2002, up from $9 billion in 1982. Spending on corrections over the past 15 years has increased more than any other major spending category, with the possible exception of health care spending.

    Source:  
    www.reetnrypolicy.org


    Recidivism

    Two-thirds of the people leave prisons are rearrested within a few years."- ("New Strategies for Curbing Recidivism", The New York Times, January 21, 2005)

    4 out of every 5 state prison inmates are repeat offenders and offenders on parole, probation or pretrial release commit nearly 700,000 additional violent crimes each year according to the FBI.- ("Getting Away with Murder and Other Violence" Karl Zinsmeister.-(The American Enterprise), "Crime busting Tips for Clinton," Washington Times, February 1, 1996.)

    39% of jail inmates in 2002 had served 3 or more prior sentences to incarceration or probation. -(BJS "Profile of Jail Inmates", 2002)

    53% of jail inmates were on probation, parole or pretrial release at the time of arrest. BJS ? ("Criminal Offender Statistics", 2001)

    Some 300,000 probationers are officially listed as "absconders" which means essentially, they are out there, hiding in view, flaunting the laws, and ignoring the system. ? ("Community Corrections" Michael Tonry, February 2004.)

Office of Justice Program Partnerships for Safer Communities: www.ojp.usdoj.gov



















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